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Choosing Sustainable Firewood for Wood-burning Fireplaces

choosing sustainable firewood

Choosing sustainable firewood is not only beneficial for the environment but also for your health and the local economy. By opting for sustainable firewood, you can reduce your environmental impact, improve indoor air quality, and support local businesses. In this article, we will explore the benefits of sustainable firewood, different types available, tips for choosing the right firewood, and proper storage and handling techniques to ensure a safe and efficient wood-burning experience.

Key Takeaways

  • Choose hardwoods for longer-lasting and hotter fires.

  • Seasoned wood burns more efficiently and produces less smoke and creosote buildup.

  • Local sourcing reduces transportation emissions and supports your community.

  • Look for certifications like FSC to ensure the firewood is sustainably sourced.

  • Proper storage and handling practices are crucial to maintaining the quality and safety of your firewood.

Benefits of Sustainable Firewood

Reduced Environmental Impact

Choosing sustainable firewood is a crucial step towards a greener environment. Opting for sustainable firewood helps mitigate carbon emissions, ensuring that your cozy fire has a smaller ecological footprint. Sustainable firewood comes from responsible forestry practices that maintain the balance of our forests and contribute to the overall health of our planet.

  • Reduced Carbon Footprint: Burning wood from sustainably managed forests is carbon-neutral. Trees absorb CO2 as they grow, which is then released when the wood is burned, creating a balanced cycle.

  • Preservation of Biodiversity: Sustainable forestry protects habitats and preserves biodiversity, ensuring that wildlife and plant species thrive.

  • Sustainable Harvesting: Harvesting methods that prevent overcutting support the forest's natural regeneration and prevent soil erosion.

Healthier Indoor Air Quality

Using sustainable firewood can significantly improve the indoor air quality of your home. Burning wood that is properly seasoned reduces the emission of harmful pollutants, such as particulate matter and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which can exacerbate respiratory conditions and cause other health issues.

Seasoned firewood burns more efficiently, producing more heat and less smoke compared to its unseasoned counterparts. This not only ensures a cleaner burn but also helps in maintaining a healthier living environment. It's important to note that the type of wood you burn also affects air quality; hardwoods generally produce less smoke than softwoods.

To promote public awareness, initiatives such as the Seal of Quality for adequately dried firewood have been introduced. These efforts, along with subsidies for the replacement of older firewood stoves with more efficient models, aim to enhance both socioeconomic and environmental benefits.

Supporting Local Economy

Choosing sustainable firewood is not just about the environment; it's also about bolstering the local economy. By purchasing firewood from local suppliers, you're investing in your community and helping to create jobs. Local businesses often reinvest in the local economy, multiplying the positive impact of your purchase.

Local sourcing of firewood means less transportation is required, which not only reduces carbon emissions but also minimizes the ecological footprint of your heating source. This practice aligns with the principles of sustainability and promotes a more resilient local market.

Remember, the benefits of supporting local businesses extend beyond the economic; they also contribute to community well-being and the conservation of local landscapes.

Types of Sustainable Firewood


When considering sustainable firewood, hardwoods are often the preferred choice for their long-lasting burns and high heat output. Examples include oak, maple, and ash, which are known for their dense structure and slow-burning properties. These woods provide more consistent warmth and are more efficient, meaning you'll need less wood over time.

Seasoning is crucial for hardwoods to ensure they burn effectively. Freshly cut hardwood contains a high amount of moisture, which can lead to smoke and creosote buildup if burned. Properly seasoned wood should have a moisture content below 20% for optimal burning.

Here's a quick reference list of common hardwoods and their characteristics:

  • Oak: Dense, long burn time

  • Maple: Moderate density, good heat output

  • Ash: Lighter density, easy to split


While hardwoods are often praised for their density and long burn times, softwoods offer their own set of advantages for sustainable firewood. Softwoods, such as pine and fir, tend to ignite more quickly and are ideal for kindling due to their high resin content. However, they burn faster and may not be as suitable for long, sustained heat as hardwoods.

Seasoning is particularly important for softwoods to reduce the moisture content and ensure a cleaner burn. Here's a quick guide to the characteristics of common softwoods used for firewood:

  • Pine: Quick ignition, high flame, and a pleasant aroma but can produce more creosote.

  • Fir: Offers a moderate burn time with less creosote than pine.

  • Cedar: Known for its delightful scent and crackling sound, but burns quickly.

Remember that using kiln-dried firewood logs can enhance the sustainability of your choice. These logs are sourced from responsibly managed forests, ensuring that every part of the tree is utilised, including wood waste and by-products.


Fruitwoods are a delightful option for those seeking a sustainable firewood that adds a unique aroma to the ambiance of their home. Cherry, apple, and pear woods are popular choices, each imparting a subtle, sweet fragrance that can enhance the experience of a cozy fire. These woods tend to burn cleaner and are perfect for occasional fires in an indoor fireplace.

  • Cherry: Burns slowly with a good heat output.

  • Apple: Has a pleasant scent and burns steadily.

  • Pear: Offers a mild smoke and consistent burn.

When selecting fruitwoods, consider the burn characteristics of each type to match your specific needs. For instance, cherry wood is renowned for its slow burn and high heat, making it ideal for longer, relaxing evenings by the fire. In contrast, apple wood is sought after for its pleasant scent, contributing to a welcoming atmosphere.

Tips for Choosing Sustainable Firewood

Seasoned Wood

Choosing seasoned wood for your fireplace is crucial for both efficiency and sustainability. Seasoned wood has been dried naturally over time, typically for a period of six months to two years, to reduce its moisture content. This process ensures that the wood burns more cleanly and produces less smoke, which is better for the environment and your health.

  • Freshly cut wood has a high moisture content and can cause more smoke and soot.

  • Properly seasoned wood should have a moisture content below 20%.

  • Look for wood that is darker, has cracks in the end grain, and sounds hollow when knocked together.

While seasoned wood is a sustainable choice, it's worth noting that kiln-dried logs can also be environmentally friendly. As kiln-dried logs are more reliably dried to below 20% moisture than seasoned logs, they can be a better option for air quality.

Local Sourcing

Opting for locally sourced firewood is a key strategy in maintaining sustainability. Local sourcing reduces transportation-related carbon emissions, which is crucial for minimizing the environmental footprint of your firewood usage. By choosing local suppliers, you not only get the benefit of fresher wood but also contribute to the economy of your region.

Here are some points to consider when sourcing firewood locally:

  • Verify the origin of the wood to ensure it's truly local.

  • Engage with community members or local forums to find reputable suppliers.

  • Consider the seasonality of wood harvesting in your area to support sustainable practices.


When choosing sustainable firewood, certifications are a key indicator of the wood's environmental credentials. Look for labels that signify the wood has been sourced and processed according to stringent sustainability standards. One prominent certification to consider is the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), which ensures that the wood comes from responsibly managed forests that provide environmental, social, and economic benefits.

Below is a list of common certifications for sustainable firewood:

  • FSC (Forest Stewardship Council)

  • PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification)

  • SFI (Sustainable Forestry Initiative)

Each certification has its own set of criteria and standards, but all aim to ensure that the wood you burn has minimal impact on the planet.

Proper Storage and Handling

Dry Storage

Ensuring your firewood remains dry is crucial for maintaining its quality and sustainability. Proper storage is not just about keeping the wood dry, but also about preserving its burning efficiency. Moisture can lead to the growth of mold and reduce the wood's energy content, making it less efficient and more polluting when burned.

Ventilation is key when storing firewood. A well-ventilated space allows air to circulate around the wood, which aids in keeping it dry and preventing decay. It's important to store firewood off the ground to avoid moisture absorption from the soil. Using pallets or racks can elevate the wood and facilitate better air flow.

Remember to periodically check your stored firewood for signs of moisture or pest infestation. Regular inspection and proper maintenance of your storage area can extend the life of your firewood and ensure it's ready to use when you need it.

Avoiding Pests

Ensuring your firewood is free of pests is crucial for maintaining a clean and safe home environment. Store your firewood off the ground to prevent insects and rodents from making a home in your woodpile. Using a firewood rack or pallets can greatly reduce the risk of infestation.

Firewood should not be stored directly against your home's exterior walls. This practice can invite pests into your home and potentially cause structural damage. Instead, keep a reasonable distance between your woodpile and any buildings.

Remember, while some homeowners may store a small amount of firewood indoors for convenience, this can increase the likelihood of pest problems. As per Twin Forks' advice, indoor storage is not recommended due to the tendency to attract pests. If you must keep wood inside, ensure it is completely dry to discourage any pests from taking residence.

Safe Handling Practices

Ensuring the safe handling of firewood is crucial to maintain a safe home environment. Always wear gloves when moving wood to protect your hands from splinters and potential insects. It's also important to lift properly, using your legs rather than your back to prevent injury.

When stacking firewood, keep it away from the walls of your home to discourage pests. A good practice is to stack wood on a raised platform or pallets to promote air circulation and keep it dry. Remember, dry wood burns more efficiently and is less likely to harbor mold and insects.

Here's a quick checklist for safe handling practices:

  • Wear protective gloves

  • Lift with your legs, not your back

  • Stack wood on raised platforms

  • Keep a safe distance from home walls

  • Regularly inspect for pests and mold


In conclusion, choosing sustainable firewood is essential for wood-burning fireplace owners to minimize environmental impact and promote a healthier ecosystem. By selecting responsibly sourced firewood, homeowners can enjoy the warmth and ambiance of their fireplace while contributing to the preservation of forests and reducing carbon emissions. It is important to prioritize sustainability and make informed decisions when it comes to selecting firewood for a more eco-friendly and sustainable lifestyle.

Do you have questions? Contact us today!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is sustainable firewood?

Sustainable firewood is wood that is sourced responsibly from renewable sources, ensuring the long-term health of forests and ecosystems.

Why is it important to choose sustainable firewood?

Choosing sustainable firewood helps reduce deforestation, minimize air pollution, and support local economies.

How can I tell if firewood is seasoned?

Seasoned firewood is dry and has a lower moisture content. You can check by looking for cracks on the ends and listening for a hollow sound when two pieces are knocked together.

Are hardwoods better than softwoods for burning?

Hardwoods generally burn longer and produce more heat than softwoods. However, both can be sustainable options depending on sourcing practices.

What certifications should I look for when buying firewood?

Look for certifications such as FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) or PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification) to ensure the wood is sourced sustainably.

How can I prevent pests from infesting my firewood storage?

To avoid pests, store firewood off the ground, away from buildings, and inspect it regularly for signs of infestation.


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